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Candidate’s claim creates false impression

Cawthorn rejected by Naval Academy

A campaign video says Cawthorn "planned on serving his country in the Navy with a nomination to the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis. But all that changed in the spring of 2014 when tragedy struck." --

The narrative created by Republican congressional-candidate Madison Cawthorn paints a picture of a bright, young man headed to the U.S. Naval Academy until he was severely injured in an auto crash. 

“Madison was homeschooled in Hendersonville and was nominated to the Naval Academy by Rep. Mark Meadows in 2014,” according to the 11th district candidate’s website. “However, Madison’s plans were derailed that year after he nearly died in a tragic automobile accident that left him partially paralyzed and in a wheelchair.”     

But in a 2017 sworn deposition obtained by AVL Watchdog, Cawthorn admitted his application to the Academy had already been rejected before the crash. The campaign did not comment, despite repeated requests over several days.

The Naval Academy reference is a key part of the 25-year-old’s public portrait, featuring prominently in his campaign speeches and interviews. Cawthorn is careful to say he was nominated and that his plans were “derailed” by the crash, two statements that when taken together create the impression he was headed to Annapolis to attend the prestigious Academy were it not for the 2014 crash. 

A congressional nomination is just a first step in a highly competitive process to enter the Naval Academy. In 2014, more than 17,000 students sought admission by seeking nomination from a House or Senate member, the President, the secretary of the Navy and other sources.  In a typical year, according to the Academy’s website, about 5,000 of these applicants are nominated, as Cawthorn was.     

But – after rigorous screening by the Academy’s own selection committee that includes physical fitness, leadership abilities and performance in school and on standardized tests – barely one in five of the nominees wins appointment and enters the Academy. Cawthorn was among those rejected.          

Yet he has not publicly corrected the misimpression that he would have entered the Academy in the class of 2018 were it not for the auto crash. Nor has he attempted to correct many TV interviewers who, in their introductions, often repeat the phrase that his aspiration was “derailed” by his injuries.     

His campaign website and Instagram page include a photo of Cawthorn wearing a Navy sweatshirt and another of him participating in a training exercise with others, all in the group wearing military fatigues and inflatable jackets pulling boats onto a beach.  Cawthorn calls the group “my squad.”

A campaign video says Cawthorn “planned on serving his country in the Navy with a nomination to the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis. But all that changed in the spring of 2014 when tragedy struck.” —

Crash and Aftermath

Cawthorn, then 18, was a passenger in an SUV driven by his friend, Bradley Ledford, that crashed while returning to North Carolina from a spring vacation trip in Florida. According to the Florida Highway Patrol accident report, Ledford admitted “dozing off” while driving, lost control of the car and crashed into an abutment. The vehicle burst into flames. Cawthorn spent much of the next year undergoing surgeries and therapy. Treatment for pain in his legs continued more three years later, he said in the deposition.

Ledford’s insurance carrier, Auto-Owners Insurance, offered Cawthorn $3 million, the policy limit, to cover his treatments and settle the claim within days of the crash, according to testimony and court records. But under the advice of his lawyer, Cawthorn initially balked at accepting the $3 million and sued Ledford’s insurance company for $30 million for acting in bad faith.     

A judge ultimately ruled in favor of the insurance company, but the lawsuit led to the sworn deposition taken Oct. 12, 2017 and questioning by the insurance company’s lawyer, Greg Burge.     

The lawyer asked Cawthorn: “[A]t some point in time, you were notified by the Naval Academy that you did not get in?”

“Yes, sir,” Cawthorn replied.

The lawyer continued: “Was it – it was before the accident?”

Cawthorn answered: “It was, sir.”

Cawthorn did not reply to multiple emailed requests for comment from AVL Watchdog. The campaign press secretary, Angela Nicholas, replied on Saturday that “we will get you something as soon as it is ready.” A follow-up request for comment on Sunday received no reply.

The candidate also revealed in the deposition that he had been unsuccessful in his later enrollment at Patrick Henry College in Purcellville, Virginia, a small evangelical Christian school often attended by homeschoolers and that has a reputation for successfully placing graduates into high federal government positions.     

After entering the school in August 2016 to study political science, he dropped out after one semester and earned mostly D’s, Cawthorn testified, primarily because his injuries interfered with his ability to learn.

When the insurance-company lawyer asked him the reason for leaving Patrick Henry, Cawthorn responded with a single word: “Heartbreak.” He added that his then-fiancé left him for another classmate, speculating it was because she “didn’t get along with my mother.”     

Cawthorn said he considered applying to two other schools with online programs, the Harvard Extension School and Liberty University, but didn’t follow through.     

The reasons for the Naval Academy’s rejection of Cawthorn are confidential. One of the admission criteria is a student’s performance on the Scholastic Aptitude Test – the three-test SAT of a student’s abilities in math, verbal comprehension and writing – required by many colleges and universities.

 A perfect score is 800.  Under questioning from the lawyer, Cawthorn said he believed he had received a 590 in math, a 620 in verbal and a 650 in writing. Highly selective colleges and universities such as the federal academies typically expect applicants to achieve scores in those tests of 700 or above.

After his brief stint in college, Cawthorn has said he became a a small businessman involved in real estate and other investments.  At the time of the deposition, however, Cawthorn testified that he had no job and that his only income came from a $700 monthly Social Security disability payment. When Burge pressed him about investment income earned from the insurance settlement, Cawthorn said the investments were handled by his older brother, Zachary Cawthorn, a professional financial adviser.      

Cawthorn is the sole owner and employee of an investment firm called SPQR LLC, created in August 2019. On the financial disclosure form he filed as required by all candidates, he reported no income from it. In the 2017 deposition, Cawthorn said the only jobs he had held to that point was as a manager in a Chick-fil-A restaurant while a teenager, and after the accident as a staff assistant in then-U.S. Rep. Meadows’ district office.

Excerpts from Cawthorn’s deposition appeared on the information-sharing app Reddit over the weekend. AVL Watchdog obtained a full copy of the deposition, which was filed in federal court in Orlando in conjunction with Cawthorn’s lawsuit against the insurance carrier.

The lawyer’s questioning about the trip that ended in the crash also revealed that Cawthorn and his friend, Ledford, had engaged in the dangerous practice of switching seats while driving on the highway, from the passenger seat to the driver’s seat and vice versa. There was no suggestion in the deposition that the two friends were changing seats when their SUV crashed, and the state trooper reported no evidence that Ledford, the driver, was impaired by alcohol or other substances.

Cawthorn said the two “changed positions” while the car was in motion “to save time.” Asked why, he attributed it to being 18 when he, like others of that age, felt “invincible.”

“But now, looking back obviously, I see that there was some major problems with doing that.”

AVL Watchdog is a nonprofit news team producing stories that matter to Asheville and Buncombe County. Tom Fiedler is former executive editor of The Miami Herald and a Pulitzer Prize-winning political reporter. He lives in Asheville. Contact us at


  1. Vicki C. Vicki C. August 11, 2020

    Excellent reporting AVL Watchdog!
    While I cannot imagine the horrific experience Cawthorn went through after the car accident, it’s unfortunate that his attempt to rewrite history has tarnished his integrity and likely his chances to be elected.
    Thanks for bringing the complete set of facts to light.

    • Jack Stone Jack Stone August 13, 2020

      It’s excellent reporting because you not only explained how he was not accepted but also showed how hard it is to get into the Naval Academy in the first place. So being transparent give this article much more legitimacy unlike 99% of the things we’re reading these days. Please keep up the good work!

  2. Martin Alan Dyckman Martin Alan Dyckman August 11, 2020

    One can have empathy for the injury that disabled him, but not for the deceit in claiming that it kept him from the Naval Academy. There are enough liars in government as it is. We don’t need another.

  3. Margot Ammidown Margot Ammidown August 11, 2020

    Great detective work!

  4. Celia Celia August 11, 2020

    Thank you for reporting this. I did some research after he won the nomination and found an insurance law website that talked about the lawsuit he pursued. I am curious about the current relationship between Cawthorn and Ledford since the lawsuit. I was also wondering how much work experience he could actually have at 24. Then I realized he has none. I find it repugnant that someone with no experience with public education would represent our district at the age of 24. He’s a paper candidate with nothing to offer. Wake up Republicans. You are being played.

  5. Jey Calloway Jey Calloway August 11, 2020

    Great reporting. Sincerely hoping the voting population of Cawthorn’s area will realize that a homeschooled young guy with no professional experience is not what is needed when spending our hard earned tax dollars. Moe Davis has many attributes that make him an excellent candidate.

  6. Tatia Prieto Tatia Prieto August 12, 2020

    Great investigative journalism! Thank you for your work!

  7. Lew Powell Lew Powell August 12, 2020

    Excellent — thank you! Glad to see it picked up in the Citizen Times….

  8. Mickey Snowdon Mickey Snowdon August 12, 2020

    Thanks, AVLWatchdog! Great work—keep it up. Glad to have you reporting on our WNC community.

  9. Jason Jason August 12, 2020

    We need to demand real public service representatives in government rather than professional fame/attention seekers. This young man has already evidenced he is in politics to win elections rather than serve a specific constituency of real people:

    1) He lied about his Naval Academy experience in order to falsely boost his image with a group of powerful voters.

    2) He has already pivoted from being Anti-Trump to Pro-Trump.

    3) He has already pivoted from supporting a platform for the future to supporting the status quo.

    We need to stop voting for Democrats or Republicans who are in politics for selfish reasons and are simply “playing the game” to win elections.

    In this case, true Republicans deserve a better public servant who they can trust represents a real constituency with consistent and loyal behavior. This kid is simply a liar and shapeshifter who will say and do anything to get this position of power.

    Cawthorn is shameless and insulting to anyone who wants to be served by government rather than played by a con artist. We do not need to accept this any longer.

  10. James Protzman James Protzman August 12, 2020

    As a Naval Academy graduate myself, this really, really, really ticks me off.

    What is it about Republicans these days that they feel compelled to lie about anything? Many of the lies they tell involve stolen valor. They try to get credit for service by sucking up to veterans. Or they flat-out misrepresent their personal history like Cawthorn has done.

    They’re all cut from the same cloth as Trump, liars through and through. And if they’ll lie about getting into the Naval Academy, they’ll lie about anything.

  11. TJK TJK August 12, 2020

    Many people who apply to the service academies reapply after a year of prep school or joining the service first. He may have had this as a backup plan. Did you ask him? Didn’t think so.

    • Rd Rd August 13, 2020

      Attempts to reach his campaign for clarification were unsuccessful as written in the story.

  12. Bill McClain Bill McClain August 12, 2020

    It just seems to ger worse and worse for poor Madison. Really, all he had to do was tell the truth- oh wait, that is not in the Republicans playbook. He does sound like a great match with Trunp and his fading minions in Congress. PLEASE tell everyone you know, VOLUNTEER, and VOTE for Moe Davis.

  13. Norm Bossert Norm Bossert August 12, 2020

    Integrity matters. Apparently, Mr. Cawthorn has not yet developed much of that character trait. One can only hope that enough voters realize that Moe s well imbued with integrity. He has earned my vote.

  14. Wiley Loughran Wiley Loughran August 13, 2020

    Well done! Thanks for bringing the facts to light! It is this type of excellent reporting that sets AVLWatchdog at the highest level of journalistic reporting. Keep up the good work!

  15. Silverwolf104 Silverwolf104 August 13, 2020

    Not one credential can this young man claim that makes him eligible to be a candidate for national office. He lied about the Naval Academy, which he has recanted, along with having no work experience, no education beyond high school, no prior experience in elected office, and very scary ideas that follow the very far right path. Nope, not eligible for national office. Gain some experience by starting out with local offices and move on from there.

  16. Robert Milnes Robert Milnes August 13, 2020

    I am extremely sympathetic with his life experience but would suggest he gain some formal work and educational experience outside of representational government prior to any appointments or elections. Thank you AVL Watchdog for this article. I hope the information contained is shared broadly.

  17. Ron Wagner Ron Wagner August 13, 2020

    Thank you, Asheville Watchdog. I’m not sure where we’d be here in WNC without you doing some legitimate reporting on an issue of true importance to the community. It’s tragic we can’t count on that from other media outlets (none of these controversies have appeared in the Hendersonville Times-News, for example, where he lives), but at least we can count on you.

  18. G. R. Frank G. R. Frank January 17, 2021

    Well it’s NOW obvious that the Republican primary voters and the Nov. 2020 voters bought this “snake oil salesman” and story he was “selling” to the voters. Perhaps, the voters will make a wiser decision in 2022!

  19. Michael Allen Michael Allen February 28, 2021

    Was this article from before the widespread accusations about him being a sexual predator in his short time at that college? He seemed to have lots of time and energy for that while claiming his brain was too slow for academics, which is also not a good qualification for a nationally important job. He has a record of running on other major lies as well.

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